Life, Love and Laugh

Gerund

V-ing
Gerund dapat di gunakan dalam berbagai cara sebagai berikut:
 Sebagai subjek:
Reading horses scares me to death
Cooking is my daily routine
 Sebagai objek
I hate smoking
I love studying
 Sebagai komplemen
My capability is driving
Their hobby is walking
 Setelah kata depan
Apabila kata kerja di tempatkan langusng di belakang kata depan bentuk gerun harus di pakai.
Example:
I am used to playing badminton
She is looking forward to seeing you.
I am really sorry for bothering you.
 Setelah kata kerja tertentu
Stop, finish, dread, like, prevent, deny, collect, delay, postpone, enjoy, stand and etc
Example:
She kept doing the work though it was very late last night
I will finish doing my work within 2 hours
 Dalam kata majemuk
A reading book, a swimming pool, a diving board

To infinitive
To infinitive adalah kata kerja bentuk pertama yang disertai to beberapa aturan penggunaan to infinitive adalah sebagai berikut.
Agree
Be disappointed
Desire
Plan
Appear
Be disturbed
Expect
Promise
Arrange
Be expected
Fail
Refuse
Ask
Be supposed
Guarantee
Seem
Attempt
Be (un) qualified
Happen
Tend
Be (dis) inclined
Beg
Hope
Threaten
Be annoyed
Care
Manage
Wish
Amazed
Can afford
Learn
Want
Be delighted
Choose
Mean
Be displeased
Decide
Need
Example:
They want to join us
My father promised to buy me a new jacket
Alice plans to visit her uncle this weekend
It seems to be good
Dibawah ini adalah jenis kata kerja yang bisa diikuti oleh to infinitive ataupun gerund
(Can) afford
Continue
Hate
Regret
Attempt
Deserve
Intend
Remember
Begin
Dread
Like
Start
Bother
Forget
Prefer
Try
Example:
I prefer to have egg for my breakfast this morning
I prefer having egg for my breakfast this morning
The teacher starts to thing about the issue
The teacher stars thinking about the issue
Adjective berikut harus di ikuti to infinitive bilamana di ikuti oleh:
a. Kata kerja
[Adjective + to infinitive]
(im) possible
Afraid
Glad
Slow
(in) competent
Apt
Good
Sorry
(un) able
Bound
Hard
Stupid
(un) ashamed
Careful
Impatient
Sure
(un) happy
Certain
Interest
Surprised
(un) lucky
Difficult
Nice
Sweet
(un) willing
Eager
Quick
Welcome
(un) wise
Easy
Ready
Worried
(un) likely
Free
Relevant
Wrong
Example:
He was unable to come on time this morning
It is very hard to believe that he is one of the suspects of the bank robbery
b. Setelah Objek Accusative
[Object Accusative + to infinitive]
Example:
They get us to clean the cars
Mr. Benson asked peter to bring his laptop to his room.
c. Setelah Kata Tanya (Question Word)
[Question word + to]
Example:
We know how to operate the machine
You do not know what to, so please shut up!!
Exercise for Gerund & To infinitive
1. ___ Clothes can often be very time consuming
(A) They buy (C) in buying (E) buying
(B) To be buying (D) Man buys
2. She was very sad because her father did not approve of ___ too often.
(C) I saw her (D) Me seeing her
(D) Me to see her (E) That I see her
(E) My seeing her
3. „Why don‟t you want Jacky to be the team leader?‟
„Well, I don‟t like ___ people around!‟
(A) His ordering (D) he orders
(B) Why he orders (E) with his ordering
(C) He is ordering
4. Would you mind ___ until I finish typing this letter?
(A) To wait (C) wait (E) waiting
(B) To be waiting (D) will wait
5. Although Ronald has denied ___ the money, they are still suspecting him.
(A) Stolen (C) to steal (E) have stolen
(B) Steal (D) stealing
Center for International Language Development – UNISSULA Page 57
6. Franky is working hard for his examination, he avoids ___ too much.
(A) To be going out (C) Go out (E) going out
(B) To go out (D) goes out
7. “Do you like Franky?”
“Yes, I am looking forward ___ his play tomorrow.”
(A) Seeing (C) to see (E) See
(B) To be seeing (D) to seeing
8. My brother, who was not used to ___ a room with someone else, was quite unhappy when he couldn‟t have his own room in the dormitory.
(A) Sharing (C) be sharing (E) being shared
(B) Share (D) be shared
9. He was sentenced to two year‟s imprisonment after he confessed ___.
(A) Steal the jewels
(B) When stealing the jewels
(C) He stole the jewels
(D) To having stolen the jewels
(E) To be stealing
10. “Why don‟t you ask Mr. Arbidin for a donation?”
“Well, you know that he is not generous. So it is no use ___ him.
(A) To ask    (C) to be asking (E) Ask
(B) You ask  (D) Asking

sumber : http://cilad.unissula.ac.id/download/ModuleTOEFL.pdf

 

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