Life, Love and Laugh

Either or neither di gunakan untuk menggabungkan kalimat negative.
[S1 + auxiliary not + V + O dan S2 + auxiliary not + either / neither
+ auxiliary + S2]
Neither = not either, oleh karenanya setelah auxiliary tidak, tidak disertai „not‟ lagi.
Example:
– They do not come late
– Brian does not come late
They do not come late and Brian does not either / neither does Brian
– I did not like the food
– Sulton did not like the food
I did not like the food and Sulton did not either / neither did Sulton
2.7.1 Gabungan Berlawanan Setara
[S1 + V1 + O, but/ while + S2 + do/does + not]
[S1 + V2 + O, but/ while + S2 + did + not]
[S1 + auxiliary + V + O, but/while + S2 + auxiliary + not]
[S1 + auxiliary not + V + O, but/ while + S2 + auxiliary]
Gabungan setara berlawanan menggunakan kata hubung but/ while.
Example:
– She always comes late
– I do not always come late
She always comes late but I do not
– We do not have to return the book tomorrow
– He has to return the book tomorrow
We do not have to return the book tomorrow, but/ while he does
Note: Kalimat pertanyaan pertama yang mengandung kata: never, seldom, rarely, hardly, few and little dianggap memiliki pengertian negative.
Example: I seldom visit my uncle, and neither does my sister
I rarely visit my uncle, but my sister does.
2.7.1 Gabungan Setara
Bilamana kata „either‟ dan „neither‟ di ikuti oleh „or‟ dan „nor‟ kata kerja/ auxiliarynya mungkin singular atau pun plural (jamak) bergantung pada kata setelah „or‟ atau „nor‟ apakah singular atau plural.
Kalaupun kata „or‟ atau „nor‟ berdiri sendiri, verb tetap di temukan oleh kata setelah „or‟ atau „nor‟. (Lihat juga keterangan di poin2.10)
Neither/
Either
….
Nor
or
Singular noun + singular verb/ auxiliary
Neither/
Either
+ Noun +
Nor
Or
Singular noun + singular verb/ auxiliary
Noun +
Nor
Or
+ Singular noun + singular verb/ auxiliary
Noun +
Nor
Or
+ Plural noun + Plural verb/ Auxiliary
Neither John nor Bill is going to class today
Either John or Bill is going to the beach today.
Neither John nor his friends are going to class today
Either John or George is going to the beach today.
John or George is going to class today.
Maria nor her friends are going to class today
a. Kata sambung „and‟ menghubungkan pemakaina jenis dan bentuk kata yang setara, misalnya gerund dengan gerund, klausa dengan klausa, noun dengan noun, adjective dengan adjective dan frasa dengan frasa.
Example:
Children enjoy playing on the beach and swimming in the ocean
I know Dody as an awfully loyal employee and a very hard worker
Every half an hour the guard turns on the light and walks around
Note: Ungkapan “not only” … but also … “atau” … as well as … “juga menghubungkan pemakaian jenis dan bentuk kata setara.
S+ verb + not only +
Adjective
+ but also +
Adjective
Noun
Noun
Adverb
Adverb
Phrase
Phrase
Atau
Subject + Verb +
Adjective
+As well as +
Adjective
Noun
Noun
Adverb
Adverb
Phrase
Phrase
Atau
Subject + verb + as well as + …
Example: They got not only modal but also money.
The most developing countries are not only heavily burdened with foreign debts but also with social problem such as unemployment.
Beth plays guitars as well as violin.
Exercise for Negative
1. Neither the student nor their teacher ___ the meeting.
(A) attend (D) to be attended
(B) attends (E) attending
(C) have attended
2. Either the management or the education system of our Institute ___ to be reviewed to increase the number of graduates next year.
(A) that needs (D) needing
(B) to need (E) they need
(C) Needs
3. Neither Ariel nor my husband ___ to Australian.
(A) have gone (D) are going
(B) has gone (E) to be going
(C) were going
4. Parliament members were troubled not only by the present political condition ___.
(A) but the current socio-economic condition
(B) and so is the current socio-economic condition
(C) Besides the current socio-economic condition bad
(D) But also by the current socio-economic condition
(E) as well as the current socio-economic condition
5. The higher rate of pollution in this area is caused by the increasing number of car as well as by ___.
(A) the smoke from factories are emitted
(B) the factories emit smoke
(C) the smoke which factories emit
(D) the factory smoke is emitted
(E) the emission of the smoke from factories
6. According to psychologist, our individual money habits not only show our beliefs and values, ___.
(A) but can also stem from past problem
(B) and so can stem from past problem
(C) as well as can stem from past problem
(D) besides can stem from past problem
(E) both can stem from past problem
7. Many people like her because she is not only a good teacher ___.
(A) and she is also very considerate
(B) but also a considerate person
(C) as well as considerate
(D) but very considerate
(E) besides she is considerable
8. As the requirement to join Fulbright program, the applicant must be smart, creative and ___.
(A) being energetic
(B) energetic
(C) the person who is very energetic
(D) to be energetic
(E) the person being energetic
9. The university program in summer course provides not only theoretical class but also ___.
(A) practical training
(B) practice which is trained
(C) it was practical training
(D) practicality of training
(E) the training that was practical
10. Future technology is predicted to be great benefit as well as ___ to people‟s lives.
(A) the harm which is unexpected
(B) unexpected is harm
(C) the harm is unexpected
(D) unexpected harm
(E) the harm that‟s considered to be unexpected
11. He is not only a successful novelist but also ___.
(A) the linguist who is brilliant
(B) an expert linguist
(C) the experts in linguistic
(D) the person who is expert in the field of linguistic
the linguist who is very brilliant
12. Mr. Husein is not only a good teacher ___.
(A) he is friendly neighbor too
(B) but he is a friendly neighbor
(C) also he is a friendly neighbor as well
(D) he is a friendly neighbor as well
(E) but also friendly neighbor
13. „I heard that the thieves managed to take your electronics.‟
„Well, not only the electronics ___.‟
(A) as well as my precious jewelry
(B) but they took my precious jewelry too
(C) and also my precious jewelry
(D) but also my precious jewelry
(E) and they took my precious jewelry
14. Anwar decided to quit school and ___ on his career in music.
(A) concentrating (D) be concentrating
(B) concentrates (E) concentrate
(C) he will concentrate
15. Tari was punished by the teacher not only because she forgot to bring her book ___.
(A) and she didn‟t do her homework too
(B) but she didn‟t do her homework either
(C) but also for not doing her homework
(D) as well as she didn‟t do her homework
(E) but also because she didn‟t do her homework

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